Singapore has a nearly “perfect” approach to cyber security, but many other wealthy countries in the world have gaps in their defenses, while others, poorer ones, set the example, as a UN research showed on Wednesday. In this ranking, Greece is in 64th place, while Turkey in 43rd.
Wealth acts as a catalyst for the emergence of cybercrime, but it does not automatically generate cyber-security, so governments need to ensure they are prepared, according to the UN’s International Telecommunication Union.
“There is still a clear gap between countries in terms of information, understanding, knowledge and ultimately the possibility of adopting the right strategies, capabilities and programs,”
the research said.
The US ranks second in the “Global Cyber security Index” of the ITU, but many of the other high-ranking countries were small or growing economies.
The remaining 10 top countries are Malaysia, Oman, Estonia, Mauritius, Australia, Georgia, France and Canada. Russia was ranked 11th, India in the 25th, a place in front of Germany, and China in the 34th.
The rating is based on institutions at a legal, technical and organizational level, their performance in education and research, and cooperation in information sharing networks.
“Cyber-security is an ecosystem where laws, organizations, capabilities, co-operation and technical implementation need to be in harmony to be as effective as possible”,
the research said.
“The level of interconnection of networks implies that anything that can be exposed, and anything from critical national infrastructures to our basic human rights, can be violated“.
The crucial first step is the adoption of a national security strategy, but 50% of countries have not, according to the research.
Among the top ranking countries in terms of economic growth, North Korea was in 57th place. Low wealthy countries, such as Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco and San Marino, were also low, while the Vatican was ranked 186th out of a total of 195. Equatorial Guinea was ranked last.
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